An easement is a right which someone other than the property owner has in a parcel of real property. There are many types of easement. One of the most common types of easement, which exists on most parcels of land, is a utility easement, which gives the power company the right to string its wire over the land. Another common type of easement is for ingress and egress. Such access easements can be very necessary if a particular parcel of land does not border on any public roads. In such cases, an access easement may permit the owner of the land-locked parcel to pass over a private road or driveway on someone else’s land in order to get to the public road.

Easements are a frequent source of legal disputes. The basic rules relating to easements are set out in this section.